What is Sorbitol
Sorbitol, chemically it is a kind of glycerol, is a sugar alcohol that the human body metabolizes gradually. It is readily obtained by reduction of glucose by changing the aldehyde group into a hydroxyl group. It is naturally abundant and it was discovered by a French chemist in the berries of the mountain ash.
It is nature, this compound gives better sweetness, in addition to providing sweetness, and it is excellent humectants in some cigarettes and texturizing agent. Its moisture-stabilizing action protects the food items from drying and maintains their initial freshness during storage. It provides bulk and sweetness with a clean, cool pleasant taste. It gives about 60 percent as sweet as sucrose with one-third fewer calories and versatile advantages; it is used in food item as sugar substitute to provide incomparable artificial sweetness. It has a smooth mouth feel with a sweet, cool and pleasant taste. It is non-cariogenic and may be useful to people with diabetes due to its less calorie content. It is also used in other products, such as pharmaceuticals and cosmetics. A keen interesting fact that a mixture of sorbitol and potassium nitrate has found success as an amateur solid rocket fuel.
Sorbitol is referred to as a nutritive sweetener because it provides dietary energy. It is often used in diet foods, mints, cough syrups, and sugar-free chewing gum. Sorbitol often is used in mouthwash and toothpaste. Some transparent gels can be made only with sorbitol, as it has a refractive index sufficiently high for transparent formulations enhances the usage of this compound as “sugar free” chewing gum. It can be used as a non-stimulant laxative via an oral suspension or enema.
Ingesting large amounts of sorbitol can lead to abdominal pain, flatulence, and mild to severe diarrhea. Sorbitol ingestion of 20 grams per day as sugar-free gum has led to severe diarrhea leading to unintended weight loss.
Nausea, gas, diarrhea, stomach cramps or anal irritation may occur.
Unabsorbed sorbitol can cause some digestive system unhappiness, including gas, rumbling sounds and diarrhoea. Excess consumption may lead to laxative effect.